-an action which started and finished in the past (no connection with now) - (действие началось и закончилось в прошлом, не имеет связи с настоящим): I went to the city center last week. /He graduated from in 1999. /They met 5 years ago.
-often finished at definite time (часто заканчивается в определённое время) : yesterday, last week (month, etc.),ago, in 2000…
+ VII/ed: I went there last week. /He wanted to cry, but…
- didn’t (for all pr): He didn’t see you. /They didn’t buy a car.
? Did.. : Did you go there yesterday? /Did she send an e-mail?
Markers: yesterday,last week, a year ago.